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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 13th March 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 13th March 2020

  1. outbreak (noun) – sudden appearance/occurrence (of a disease); outburst, epidemic.
  2. gallop (verb) – proceed/rise at great speed.
  3. spotlight (verb) – focus attention on, highlight, draw attention to.
  4. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  5. pandemic (noun) – The worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  6. come as no surprise (phrase) – to be anticipated (expected).
  7. alarming (adjective) – worrying, disturbing, shocking/distressing.
  8. window of opportunity (phrase) – lucky chance, good time, golden opportunity.
  9. contain (verb) – control, limit, restrain.
  10. narrow (verb) – diminish, decrease, reduce.
  11. triple (verb) – increase by three, treble.
  12. stir (verb) – begin to be active, prompt, motivate, encourage.
  13. course (noun) – the method in which something rises/develops; rise, development, progress, advance.
  14. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control.
  15. all the more (phrase) – even more.
  16. handful (adjective) – few, one or two, a small number.
  17. cluster (noun) – group, bunch, mass (of).
  18. local transmission (cluster) (noun) – local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
  19. community transmission (noun) – community spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is unknown. An infected person has no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with a particular disease. It is possible the patient is exposed to a returning traveler who is infected.
  20. overwhelm (verb) – overload, beset, overburden; disturb, affect.
  21. contact tracing (noun) – it is defined as the identification and follow-up of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  22. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  23. come in contact with (phrase) – to touch someone unknowingly.
  24. prudent (adjective) – wise, sensible, well judged.
  25. look for (phrasal verb) – search for, try to find, try to track down.
  26. close down (phrasal verb) – shut off, cease, cause to stop (working).
  27. quarantine (verb) – separate, set apart, segregate, detach (people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease).
  28. screening (noun) – examination, testing (of a group of people for the symptoms of a disease). The process of identifying healthy people who may be at increased risk of disease or condition.
  29. thermal screening (noun) – a process of checking the body temperature of the person and show if he/she has symptoms of viral infections. 
  30. pull out all the stops (phrase) – make a very great effort, try hard, strive (to achieve something).
  31. fragile (adjective) – weak, shaky/risky, unreliable, insubstantial, feeble/unsound.
  32. exponentially (adverb) – rapidly, quickly, fast.
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