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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 2 June 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 2 June 2020

Almost every competitive exams has English section, that tests the skill of candidates in English language. Therefore candidates have to perform in this section with their best. So it is most important for the students to improve their writing ans well as verbal skills. An important part of this process is working on your English vocabulary.

For improvement of vocabulary we are providing here most important The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 2 June 2020.

  1. ominous (adjective) – 
    threatening, menacing, unfavourable, unpromising, gloomy.
  2. slowdown (noun) –
    economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
  3. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place;
  4. mandarin (noun) –
    a powerful officer, civil servant, functionary/bureaucrat.
  5. prognosticate (verb) – 
    forecast, predict, foretell.
  6. bottom out (phrasal verb) –
    to reach a lowest or worst point (and from there the condition will only improve).
  7. belie (verb) – 
    fail to fulfil/satisfy (expectation/hopes/prediction/forecast).
  8. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) –
    a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and service.
  9. fiscal year (noun) –
    financial year.
  10. reflect (verb) –
    indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
  11. stringent (adjective) – 
    strict/stern, severe, tough/rigorous.
  12. slump (verb) –
    decline, worsen, decrease.
  13. statutory (adjective) –
    legitimate,acceptable, permissible/admissible.
  14. undergo (verb) –
    be subjected to, go through, receive.
  15. malaise (noun) –
    trouble, uneasiness, unhappiness, depression.
  16. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) –
    a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  17. land (on shore) (verb) –
    reach, arrive in, enter (a place).
  18. far (adjective) –
    very much.
  19. contract (verb) –
    decline, decrease, diminish, reduce.
  20. shrank past of shrink (verb) – 
    lessen, reduce, decrease.
  21. percentage point (noun) – 
    the difference between two percentages is termed as percentage point.
  22. mire in (verb) –
    entangle, catch up, involve, mix up (a difficult situation).
  23. drought (noun) – 
    shortage, scarcity, deficiency.
  24. unlikely (adjective) –
    not likely, improbable, doubtful.
  25. abate (verb) – 
    decline, reduce, decrease.
  26. any time soon (phrase) –
    in the near future.
  27. private consumption or consumption expenditure (noun) – 
    the spending by households (consumers) on goods and services, excluding new housing.
  28. account for (phrasal verb) –
    constitute, make up, comprise, form.
  29. downtrend (noun) –
    decline, downturn, slump.
  30. slide (verb) – 
    fall, drop, plunge/descend (to a lower level). 
  31. consecutive (adjective) – 
    successive, continuous, back-to-back.
  32. devastating (adjective) –
    destructive, ruinous, disastrous, catastrophic.
  33. core sector/industry (noun) –
    the eight industries comprising electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilizers are classified as core sector industries.
  34. Index of Industrial Production (IIP) (noun) – 
    a composite (combined/complex) indicator that measures the changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products during a given period with respect to the volume of production in a chosen base period.
  35. alarming (adjective) – 
    worrying, disturbing, shocking/distressing.
  36. merchandise (mass noun) –
    goods, commodities, produce.
  37. categorical (adjective) – 
    explicit, unambiguous, definite, unconditional/conclusive.
  38. materialise (verb) –
    happen, occur, take place.
  39. measure (noun) – 
    step, action, course of action, plan of action, procedure.
  40. constraint (noun) – 
    restriction, limitation, restraint.
  41. bear fruit (phrase) – 
    yield/get results, succeed, be effective.
  42. (time) horizon (noun) –
    a (fixed) point of time in the future (at which point certain processes will be evaluated or assumed to end).
  43. imperative (noun) –
    necessary condition, essential requirement, necessity.
  44. bite the bullet (phrase) – 
    to go through a painful or otherwise unpleasant situation that has been delayed and seen as unavoidable beyond certain stage”. It simply means to accept a difficult decision or situation.
  45. fiscal stimulus (noun) –
    an attempt by a government by measures normally involving increased public spending and lower taxation, aimed at giving a positive jolt to economic activity.
  46. revive (verb) –
    recover, regain, restore, improve.

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