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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 2 May 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 2 May 2020

  1. COVID-19 (noun) –
    coronavirus disease 2019.
  2. metric (noun) –
    (statistical) data that measure results.
  3. stand at (verb) –
     be at a particular level.
  4. translate into (verb) – 
    explain, reveal, elucidate, clarify.
  5. case fatality rate/ratio (noun) –
    in epidemiology, the proportion of people who die from a particular disease compared to all individuals diagnosed with the disease over a certain period of time.
  6. in the long term (phrase) –
    over a long period of time.
  7. imperative (adjective) –
    vitally important, crucial/critical, essential.
  8. measured (adjective) – 
    carefully planned, carefully considered, well thought out; unfaltering, unhurried.
  9. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  10. contrasting (adjective) – 
    contradicting, differing (noticeably).
  11. determination (noun) –
    identification, discovery, finding, ascertainment.
  12. underscore (verb) –
    underline, emphasize, highlight.
  13. progression (noun) – 
    development, progress, advancement.
  14. pandemic (noun) –
    the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  15. comparatively (adverb) – 
    relatively, comparably, proportionally.
  16. systematic (adjective) – 
    methodical, structured, organized, well ordered, planned.
  17. account for (phrasal verb) –
    explain, rationalize, elucidate, clear up.
  18. misclassified (adjective) –
    relating to something classified/categorized wrongly.
  19. distressed (adjective) – 
    suffering, anguished, despairing.
  20. stand (verb) –
    be (in a specific condition).
  21. in/by contrast to (phrase) –
    in opposition to, be very different from.
  22. abroad (adverb) –
    in a foreign country.
  23. notably (adverb) – 
    especially, particularly, primarily.
  24. hypotheses (noun) – 
    reasons, logical basis, grounds.
  25. dismal (adjective) – 
    bad, poor, dreadful, awful/terrible.
  26. immunisation (noun) – 
    the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
  27. untested (adjective) –
    new, unconventional, unusual, different.
  28. revive (verb) –
    recover, regain, restore, improve.
  29. widely (adverb) –
    extensively, exhaustively, thoroughly, broadly.
  30. quarantine (noun) –
    a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  31. potential (adjective) –
    possible, probable.
  32. convalescent (adjective) –
     recuperating, recovering, improving, getting better.
  33. convalescent plasma transfusion (noun) –
    it outlines the steps required to collect convalescent whole blood or plasma from COVID-19 disease recovered patients for transfusion to patients with early symptoms, as an empirical (observed)treatment modality (a particular method).
  34. relaxation (noun) – 
    moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
  35. drive down (phrasal verb) –
    reduce, decrease, lower, lessen, bring down (something by forcible & effective measures).

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