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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 24th March 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 24th March 2020

  1. lockdown (noun) – a state of isolation; confinement, restraint, encirclement.
  2. aid (verb) – help, assist, support.
  3. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril.
  4. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  5. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  6. catastrophe (noun) – destruction, damage, disaster.
  7. flatten (verb) – make flat, make even, make smooth.
  8. frayed (adjective) – strained, stressed, fraught, overtaxed.
  9. cope with (verb) – deal with, grapple with, handle/manage.
  10. inter- (prefix) – between.
  11. cessation (noun) – suspension, stopping, halting/ceasing.
  12. first-order (adjective) – primary, immediate, urgent.
  13. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  14. epidemic (noun) – widespread disease/illness; outbreak, plague, scourge.
  15. galvanise (verb) – inspire, spur, encourage.
  16. machinery (noun) – organization, system, structure.
  17. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  18. curfew (noun) – a rule which is instructing people to stay at home, typically at night.
  19. near-total (adjective) – close by.
  20. compliance (noun) – conformity, observation, adherence.
  21. culminate (verb) – come to a climax; come to an end with, terminate with.
  22. noisy (adjective) – vociferous, clamorous, tumultuous, talkative.
  23. scramble (verb) – struggle, hurry/hasten, rush (to do something to achieve a goal/result).
  24. stuff (verb) – fill, pack, force/push, ram.
  25. strand (verb) – get stuck, be in a place (unable to move).
  26. termini plural form of terminus (noun) – the end of a transport route (railway or others).
  27. hapless (adjective) – unfortunate, unlucky, ill-fated, cursed.
  28. fend for oneself (verb) – take care of oneself, look after oneself, manage by oneself.
  29. pathogen (noun) – bacteria/virus that causes disease.
  30. unwittingly (adverb) – inadvertently, unknowingly, unintentionally.
  31. chaos (noun) – disorder, turmoil, mayhem/disruption.
  32. misery (noun) – pain, distress, suffering.
  33. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  34. all hands on deck (phrase) – figuratively means that all the members are involved in a situation.
  35. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.
  36. vulnerable (adjective) – weak, feeble; unsafe, unprotected/unguarded.
  37. staple (adjective) – main or important thing, major/primary element.
  38. household (noun) – family, house.
  39. casual labourer (noun) – a person who is employed on a temporary, rather than a permanent or regular basis.
  40. tenuous (adjective) – weak, fragile, shaky; insubstantial, unspecific, indefinite.
  41. periodic (adjective) – regular, periodical, recurrent, recurring.
  42. subsistence (modifier) – relating to sufficient only for one’s own use; relating to one’s maintenance, living, livelihood.
  43. stimulus (noun) – impetus, boost, incentive, fillip.
  44. sustain (verb) – preserve, conserve, bolster up.
  45. stare someone in the eye (verb) – look fixedly, gaze, watch closely (at someone).
  46. universally (adverb) – by everyone; in every case, invariably; widely, commonly.
  47. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, recognize, draw attention to, mention.
  48. breather (noun) – break, rest/pause, interval after a period of activity. 
  49. get a grip (phrase) – make an effort to control oneself; regain one’s composure.
  50. lie ahead (phrasal verb) – be going to happen; to be in the future.
  51. mettle (noun) – spirit, strength of character, nerve/determination.
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