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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 29th April 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 29th April 2020

  1. in sight (phrase) –
    noticeable, visible, in view; near at hand.
  2. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) –
     a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  3. devise (verb) –
    formulate, create, develop, come up with.
  4. epidemic (noun) –
    widespread disease/illness; outbreak.
  5. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) –
    a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  6. cluster (noun) –
    a group (of people considered as a unit).
  7. several-fold (adjective) – 
    several times (as great/higher/large).
  8. COVID-19 (noun) –
    coronavirus disease 2019.
  9. criterion (noun) – 
    basis, standard, norm. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
  10. uptick (noun) –
    a small increase or upward trend.
  11. account for (phrasal verb) –
    constitute, make up, comprise, form.
  12. mortality (noun) –
    (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  13. underestimation (noun) –
    a rough calculation (that is too low).
  14. collate (verb) –
    collect, gather, accumulate.
  15. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  16. cheek by jowl (phrase) – 
    very close together, with each other closely, jointly.
  17. physical distancing (noun) – 
    a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  18. luxury (noun) –
    blessing, benefit, advantage.
  19. institutional (adjective) – 
    procedural, prescribed, systematic, regulated.
  20. quarantine (noun) –
    a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  21. containment (noun) – 
    an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  22. context (noun) –
    circumstances, conditions, situation.
  23. look at (phrasal verb) –
    regard, consider, view/see; check out, analyse, appraise.
  24. city state (noun) – 
    a city and the area surrounding it as an independent state (country) having its own government.
  25. dormitory (noun) –
    a building with large bed rooms for a number of workers in a suburb residential areas (proximity to transit, amenities, and their jobs in the city); hostel block (in case of students), boarding house.
  26. akin (adjective) – 
    similar, comparable, related, equivalent.
  27. shut down (phrasal verb) – 
    discontinue, cease activity, close.
  28. accommodation (noun) –
    housing, rooms, lodgings, living quarters.

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