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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 30 April 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 30 April 2020

  1. isolation (noun) – 
    a complete separation from others of a person known or reasonably believed to be infected with communicable diseases.
  2. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – 
    a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  3. reserve (verb) – 
    retain, keep, secure (for future/emergency use).
  4. COVID-19 (noun) –
    coronavirus disease 2019.
  5. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  6. manifest (verb) – 
    indicate, show, display, exhibit.
  7. (be) subjected to (verb) –
    put through, undergo (a particular form of treatment); treat with.
  8. quarantine (noun) –
    a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  9. manifestation (noun) – 
    symptom, sign, indication (of a disease).
  10. noticeably (adverb) – 
    clearly, visibly.
  11. sicker comparative adjective of sick (adjective) – ill or unwell.
  12. segregate (verb) – 
    separate, isolate.
  13. transmission chain (noun) –
    the act or process by which something is spread or passed from one person or thing to another.
  14. extinguish (verb) –
    eradicate, wipe out, remove, destroy.
  15. hover (verb) – 
    remain at a level.
  16. containment (noun) – 
    an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  17. tweak (noun) – 
    adjustment, modification, alteration, change.
  18. presymptomatic (adjective) –
    relating to a condition/person with mild illness/symptoms.
  19. ought to (modal verb) –
    must, should.
  20. caregiver (noun) –
    nurse, attendant.
  21. surveillance (noun) – 
    observation, scrutiny, inspection/examination.
  22. prompt (verb) –
    give rise to, bring about, cause, trigger.
  23. relative (adjective) –
    comparative, comparable, correlative, corresponding.
  24. relaxation (noun) – 
    moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
  25. anecdotal (adjective) –
    not based on factual, scientific reports and observations done carefully; unscientific, informal, unreliable, untrustworthy.
  26. disproportionately (adverb) – 
    excessively, unduly, unnecessarily.
  27. vulnerable (adjective) –
    unsafe, unprotected, at risk.
  28. shut down (phrasal verb) – 
    discontinue, cease activity, close.
  29. clog (verb) – 
    fill up, crowd, pack, cram.
  30. relatively (adverb) –
    comparatively, proportionately, by comparison. 
  31. turn up (phrasal verb) –
    come, arrive, appear, be present, turn out.
  32. infer (verb) – 
    deduce, come to the conclusion, reason/conclude; assume.
  33. pose (verb) –
    raise, ask, put (a question/matter for consideration).
  34. asymptomatic (adjective) –
    relating to a condition/person with no symptoms.
  35. potent (adjective) –
    strong, powerful, vigorous.
  36. endanger (verb) – 
    imperil, jeopardize, risk, put in danger.
  37. stretch (verb) –
    put a strain on, put great demands on, overtax; drain/exhaust/deplete/sap.
  38. symptomatic (adjective) –
    relating to a condition/person with symptoms.
  39. far more (phrase) –
    a lot more, much more.
  40. prudent (adjective) –
    wise, sensible, well judged.
  41. fortify (verb) –
    strengthen, reinforce, bolster, consolidate.
  42. magnitude (noun) –
    importance/significance, distinction, intensity/power.
  43. power (verb) –
    move/push with great speed/force.
  44. broach (verb) – 
    put forward, bring up, raise/introduce, mention (a difficult subject for discussion).
  45. pandemic (noun) –
    the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  46. on paper (phrase) –
    in theory, theoretically, hypothetically.
  47. equip (verb) – 
    prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  48. supply chain/channel (noun) – 
    a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer.
  49. personal protective equipment (PPE) (noun) – 
    safety gear; protective clothing, helmets, masks, goggles, gloves or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury/disease.
  50. infusion (noun) –
     the introduction/instilling/imbuing of a new thing.
  51. RT-PCR testing (noun) – 
    Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Testing; it is one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. It is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. (pathogen is a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
  52. rationale (noun) –
    reason, basis, logic, principle.
  53. stringent (adjective) – 
    strict/stern, severe, tough/rigorous.

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