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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 4 May 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 4 May 2020

  1. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  2. rigorous (adjective) – 
    strict, stern, stringent.
  3. livelihood (noun) –
    means of making a living with the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing); means of support, subsistence, source of income.
  4. contagious (adjective) –
    relating to a disease/infection that can spread rapidly from person to person through direct contact, by touching a person who has the infection; communicable, transmittable, infectious.
  5. relatively (adverb) –
    comparatively, proportionately, by comparison; somewhat. 
  6. toll (noun) –
    number, count, sum total (of deaths/casualties).
  7. cap (noun) –
    limit, upper limit; curb, check.
  8. reverse (verb) –
    change, alter, turn around.
  9. overnight (adverb) –
    very quickly; instantly.
  10. normality (noun) – 
    a normal pattern, regularity, a normal state of affairs.
  11. barring (preposition) – 
    except for, with the exception of, apart from, other than, excluding.
  12. pandemic (noun) –
    the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  13. laud (verb) –
    praise, hail, applaud, acclaim.
  14. curb (noun) –
    restriction, limitation, restraint, control/check.
  15. safeguard (noun) – 
    protection, precaution, safety measures.
  16. inevitable (adjective) –
    necessary, required; unavoidable, unpreventable.
  17. stipulation (noun) –
    clause, provision, condition, requirement.
  18. civic (adjective) – 
    public, community.
  19. inter- (prefix) –
    between.
  20. bar (noun) – 
    ban, prohibition, restriction.
  21. personnel (noun) – 
    staff, employees, workforce.
  22. call for (phrasal verb) –
    require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  23. adherence to (noun) – 
    commitment to, attachment to (a clause/condition).
  24. relaxation (noun) – 
    moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
  25. remedy (noun) –
    treatment, cure; solution.
  26. social/physical distancing (noun) – 
    a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  27. universally (adverb) –
    invariably, globally, broadly/commonly.
  28. reluctant (adjective) – 
    unwilling, disinclined, opposed, unenthusiastic, averse.
  29. adjourn (verb) – 
    postpone, put off, defer/delay.
  30. leave alone (phrase) – 
    fail to look after, fail to care for, abandon/desert.
  31. interim (noun) – 
    meantime, meanwhile, intervening time.
  32. desperate (adjective) –
    despairing, hopeless, anguished, distressed.
  33. perish (verb) –
    die, expire, be killed suddenly (particularly in an accident).
  34. expatriate (adjective) –
    emigrant, living/working abroad.
  35. unprecedented (adjective) – 
    not done or experienced before.
  36. add to (verb) –
    increase, magnify, intensify, amplify.
  37. vigil (noun) – 
    surveillance, close watch, monitoring.
  38. unsurprisingly (adverb) –
    as expected.
  39. legacy (noun) –
    effect/outcome (something received from a predecessor or from the past).
  40. densification (noun) –
    it is a term used to describe the increasing density of people living in urban areas.
  41. rampant (adjective) –
    widespread, present everywhere/pervasive, unrestrained/out of control.
  42. (infection) cluster (noun) –
    a group (of infected people considered as a unit).
  43. mark (verb) –
    indicate, represent, signify, signalize.
  44. commons (noun) –
    common properties/resources belonging to the whole of a community.
  45. emphatically (adverb) –
    distinctly, clearly, noticeably.
  46. measured (adjective) – 
    carefully planned, carefully considered, well thought out; unfaltering, unhurried.

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