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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 5 May 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 5 May 2020

  1. directive (noun) – 
    instruction, direction, command, order. 
  2. Arogya Setu (noun) – 
    Aarogya Setu is a mobile application developed by the Government of India to connect essential health services with the people of India in their combined fight against COVID-19.
  3. spark (verb) – 
    cause, give rise to, bring about, trigger, prompt/set off.
  4. backing (noun) –
    support, approval, endorsement.
  5. mandatory (adjective) – 
    compulsory, obligatory, binding.
  6. contact tracing (noun) –
    it is defined as the identification and followup of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  7. COVID-19 (noun) –
    coronavirus disease 2019.
  8. fall short of (phrase) –
    fail to meet (standards); be deficient, be inadequate, be insufficient.
  9. lay down (phrasal verb) – 
    formulate, stipulate, set down; prescribe, order.
  10. namely (adverb) – 
    specifically, in other words, that is.
  11. authorise (verb) – 
    sanction, allow, agree to.
  12. involuntary (adjective) –
    compulsory, obligatory, mandatory; forced, compelled, imposed.
  13. legislative (adjective) – 
    governmental, parliamentary, administrative.
  14. authorisation (noun) –
    permission, approval, consent/sanction.
  15. go by (phrasal verb) –
    follow, obey, stick.
  16. containment zone (noun) –
    infected zone; a defined area surrounding the initial cases (of a pandemic) to restrict the virus from spreading beyond its limits. The area of 3 km radius around the epicenter (the residence of the positive case) will be declared as Containment zone. Further, surrounding the Containment Zone, a ‘buffer zone’ will also be created by including the area within 5km (7 km in rural areas) in radius from the containment zone.
  17. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  18. activist (noun) –
    relating to a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  19. sunset clause/provision (noun) – 
    a measure within a statute, regulation or other law that provides that the law shall cease (stop) to have effect after a specific date, unless further legislative action is taken to extend the law.
  20. clause (noun) – 
    term, condition, provision, requirement.
  21. spell out (phrasal verb) – 
    explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  22. entity (noun) – 
    organization, establishment (authorized to use personal data collected).
  23. surveillance (noun) –
    scrutiny, inspection/examination.
  24. surveillance tool (noun) –
    tool used to monitor of behavior, activities, or information (of a person) for the purpose of influencing, managing or directing.
  25. go for (phrasal verb) – 
    decide on; choose.
  26. abide by (verb) – 
    conform to, adhere to, comply with.
  27. to the effect that (phrase) – 
    used when you are giving the general meaning of something (written/spoken).
  28. preserve (verb) –
    protect, safeguard, maintain.
  29. strike down (phrasal verb) –
    abolish, annul, nullify (a law or regulation).
  30. intelligence agency (noun) –
    a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.
  31. privacy impact assessment (PIA) (noun) – 
    a tool for identifying and assessing privacy risks throughout the development life cycle of a program or system.
  32. intention (noun) – 
    aim, purpose, objective. 
  33. keen on (adjective) –
    interested in something.
  34. keep a watch (phrase) –
    to protect/ lookout/guard something through close observation.
  35. relaxation (noun) – 
    moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
  36. well-advised (adjective) – 
    wise, sensible, prudent.
  37. heed (verb) – 
    pay attention to, take notice of, listen to.
  38. allay (verb) –
    reduce, decrease, lessen.
  39. instrument (noun) –
    mechanism, apparatus, system, means (to achieve/attain something).
  40. anonymise (verb) –
    remove data/detail from (something, especially medical test results) for statistical or other purposes that would establish the identity of a person.
  41. resort to (verb) – 
    use, utilize, turn to, have recourse to.
  42. the least (determiner) –
    slightest, smallest, minimum.

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