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‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’(PBP) a new initiative launched by the US and its allies

‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’(PBP) a new initiative launched by the US and its allies.


  1. What is ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’(PBP)?
  2. Why has the initiative been launched?
  3. Why is the Pacific region strategically important?
  4. About United State:
  5. AboutChina:

 What is ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’(PBP)? 

The PBP is a five-nation (USA, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the United Kingdom) “informal mechanism” to support Pacific islands and to boost diplomatic, economic ties in the region. Because in April China signed a security pact with Solomon Islands and wanted to control crucial shipping lanes criss-crossing the region.

 Why has the initiative been launched? 

  • To support Pacific islands and to boost diplomatic, economic ties in the region.
  • To enhance prosperity, resilience, and security in the Pacific through closer cooperation.
  • These countries will direct more resources here to counter China’s aggressive outreach.
  • Members will elevate Pacific regionalism, and forge stronger ties with the Pacific Islands Forum.
  • The initiative also aims to enhance cooperation including climate crisis, health, prosperity, education, connectivity, transportation, maritime security and protection.

 Why is the Pacific region strategically important? 

  • The US Department of Defence in the 2019 strategy report, called the Indo-Pacific the “single most consequential region for America’s future”.
  • The region is home to the world’s most populous state (China), most populous democracy (India), largest Muslim-majority state (Indonesia), and includes over half of the earth’s population.
  • 7 largest standing armies among 10 in the world, reside in the Indo-Pacific.
  • 6 countries in the region possess nuclear weapons.
  • 9 of the 10 world’s busiest seaports are in the region.
  • 60 percent of global maritime trade transits through Asia.
  • The US has long maintained a balance of power in the region with its hub-and-spoke system where America is the hub and its allies are spokes.
  • The region’s security is guaranteed by the US military power.

 About United State: 

  • Capital: Washington, D.C.
  • President: Joe Biden
  • Currency: United States Dollar


  • Capital: Beijing.
  • President: Xi Jinping.
  • Currency: Renminbi.



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