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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 13 May 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 13 May 2020

  1. perilous (adjective) – 
    dangerous, risky, precarious, insecure, life-threatening.
  2. shambles (noun) –
    complete mess, disorder/disarray, disorganization.
  3. without exception (phrase) –
    used to highlight that what you are saying is applying to all (excluding no one).
  4. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  5. triple whammy (noun) –
    three-fold blow/setback; three problems which are happening at the same time.
  6. account for (phrasal verb) –
    constitute, make up, comprise, form.
  7. collapse (verb) –
    decline, drop, fall suddenly.
  8. call upon (phrasal verb) –
    ask formally, demand (to do something).
  9. beef up (phrasal verb) – 
    strengthen, reinforce, consolidate, improve.
  10. quarantine (noun) –
    a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarantine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  11. gold standard (noun) – 
    a monetary system where a country’s currency or paper money has a value directly connected to gold. It guaranteed that the government would redeem (pay/exchange) any amount of currency (paper money) for its value in gold.
  12. plead (verb) – 
    appeal to, beseech, request/ask earnestly.
  13. relaxation (noun) – 
    moderation, modification (of a rule less strict).
  14. go ahead (phrasal verb) –
    to proceed, to continue to do something, to start/begin to do something.
  15. rein in (phrasal verb) –
    restrict, control, limit, restrain.
  16. seek (verb) –
    ask for, request, appeal for (something).
  17. consecutive (adjective) – 
    successive, continuous, back-to-back.
  18. tremendous (adjective) – 
    huge, massive, immense.
  19. strain (noun) – 
    pressure, stress, demand/burden.
  20. simultaneously (adverb) – 
    at the same time, concurrently, at once.
  21. desperation (noun) –
    hopelessness, despair/distress, worry, discouragement.
  22. commence (verb) – 
    begin, start, open.
  23. outlet (noun) –
    shop, selling place.
  24. flout (verb) –
    disobey, break, violate.
  25. social/physical distancing (noun) – 
    a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  26. seed (verb) –
    spread.
  27. means (noun) – 
    way, method, procedure, technique.
  28. replenish (verb) – 
    refill, restore, fill up (again).
  29. conventional (adjective) –
    normal, standard, formal, traditional.
  30. unconventional (adjective) – 
    unusual/unfamiliar, atypical, alternative, different.
  31. for instance (phrase) – 
    for example.
  32. appropriate (verb) – 
    secure, acquire, take over.
  33. tranche (noun) –
    part, section, portion (of something, particularly money).
  34. fiscal (year) (noun) –
    financial year.
  35. dues (noun) – 
    payment, contribution (which is (long) pending).
  36. reimburse (verb) – 
    compensate, repay, refund, settle up with.
  37. relax (verb) – 
    less strict, lessen, moderate, ease.
  38. fiscal deficit (noun) –
    the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  39. assessment (noun) – 
    evaluation, appraisal, analysis.
  40. acknowledge (verb) –
    admit, accept, recognize, realize.
  41. phased (adjective) –
    relating to something carried out/performed/pursued in stages; staggered, timed at intervals (of something as they don’t happen at the same time).
  42. leeway (noun) –
    freedom, scope/flexibility, latitude/elbow room.
  43. relieve (verb) – 
    reduce, mitigate, alleviate.
  44. stress (noun) – 
    strain, burden; trouble, difficulty.

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