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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 20 July 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 20 July 2020

Policy retreat: On U.S. student visas

1. Trump must deliver on jobs, not engage in rhetoric on visas, to stay in office.
Rhetoric (Noun)वाक्पटुता, empty talk, empty words, hot air, palaver
2. Market forces and common sense appeared to triumph over narrow-minded economic protectionism in the U.S. on student visas.
Protectionism (Noun)संरक्षणवाद, The policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition
3. President Trump’s administration had to walk back a recent immigration policy diktat, that it would no longer issue visas to university students in programmes involving a substantial online component, starting in the fall 2020 semester.
Immigration (Noun)अप्रवास, migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
Diktat (Noun)एक आदेश जिसकी आग्या होनी चाहिए, An order given by someone with authority.
Substantial (Adjective)संतोषजनक, significant
4. Had this policy withstood the legal challenge that was immediately mounted by Harvard University, the MIT, and over 200 others universities it might have led to large numbers of students enrolled in such courses facing the risk of deportation and those intending to enter the U.S. for higher studies stranded abroad without options.
Withstood (Verb)         सामना करना, hold out, resist, stand firm
Mounted (Verb)Put up or launch
Deportation (Noun)देश से निकालना , exile, expatriation, transportation
Stranded (Verb)फँसा हुआ, cut off or left behind
5. Customs Enforcement argued in court that this policy, described as “cruel” and “illegal”, undermined their efforts to create a safe, online-based learning system amidst the raging pandemic.
Customs (Noun)सीमाशुल्क विभाग, custom, customs duty, impost
Enforcement (Noun)the act of enforcing; ensuring observance of or obedience to
6. Both the universities and their prospective international enrollees would be wise to remain alert to the possibility of additional restrictions foisted onto the entry process at a future date.
Prospective (Adjective)प्रत्याशित, of or concerned with or related to the future
Foisted (Verb)बेवकूफ बनाना, to force onto another
7. Yet the battle will continue from the other side too — the judge in the legal case brought by the universities is keeping the case open, implying that arguments could be made against additional restrictions.
Implying (Verb)मतलब रखना, express or state indirectly
8. For Mr. Trump, his administration’s immigration sagas will only ratchet up the pressure on him to perform.
Sagas (Noun)वीरगाथा, heroic tale, adventure story
Ratchet (Verb)शाफ़्ट, Move by degrees in one direction only
9. On the one hand, he is facing a sharp legal backlash in the realm of immigration policy.
Backlash (Noun)पलटाव, an adverse reaction to some political or social occurrence
10. His ban on the issuance of H-1B visas for skilled workers and several other worker visas.
Several (Adjective)नाना प्रकार, various
11. Second, his job approval ratings are on the decline in the face of his government’s mismanagement of policy to contain the spread of COVID-19, the ineffective steps it has taken to bolster the economy, and a surge in racial tensions.
Decline (Verb)पतन, downslope, fall
Ineffective (Verb)अनुपयोगी,  inefficient
Racial (Adjective)जातिगत, of or characteristic of race or races or arising from differences among groups
12. Despite the embarrassment of retreating on his latest visa policy, Mr. Trump is unlikely to back down from his broader protectionist impulse for fear of alienating the core of his base — those whose jobs he claims to protect from foreigners and immigrants.
Embarrassment (Noun)घबराहट, some event that causes someone to be embarrassed
Retreating (Verb)निर्णय बदलना, make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity
Impulse (Noun)आवेग, the act of applying force suddenly
Alienating (Adjective)दूर कर देना, make withdrawn or isolated or emotionally dissociated
13. However, he will have to proactively address the precarious state of the U.S. macroeconomy through fiscal measures, while also providing succour to tens of millions of workers who have lost their livelihoods through this crisis.
Proactively (Adverb)Active
Precarious (Adjective)अनिश्चित, affording no ease or reassurance
Macroeconomy (Noun)Of or relating to macroeconomics
Succour (Noun)मदद, assistance in time of difficulty

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