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HomeEditorial VocabularyThe Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 June 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 June 2020

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 June 2020

Almost every competitive exams has English section, that tests the skill of candidates in English language. Therefore candidates have to perform in this section with their best. So it is most important for the students to improve their writing as well as verbal skills. An important part of this process is working on your English vocabulary.

For improvement of vocabulary we are providing here most important The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 June 2020.

  1. vigilance (noun) –
     careful observation, surveillance, alertness/carefulness.
  2. paramount (adjective) –
    most important, primary, first and foremost (thing), key.
  3. grim (adjective) –
    terrible, awful, dreadful, horrible, frightful.
  4. milestone (noun) – 
    critical point, significant stage, turning point.
  5. reflect (verb) –
    indicate, display, show, reveal, disclose, exhibit.
  6. local spread/transmission (cluster)(noun) –
    local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
  7. hotspot (noun) – 
    a limited region/area in which a large number of people have tested positive for COVID-19 in several smaller groups or clusters. In general, hotspot means “a place of significant activity”.
  8. mortality (noun) –
    (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  9. toll (noun) –
    number, count, sum total (of deaths/casualties).
  10. reflection (noun) –
    indication, display, demonstration, manifestation.
  11. median (adjective) –
    mean, average.
  12. pandemic (noun) –
    the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  13. prevalence (noun) –
    it refers to the number of cases of a disease that are present in a particular population at a given time whereas “incidence” refers to the number of new cases that develop in a given period of time.
  14. strain (verb) –
    overtax, overwork, overburden, overtask.
  15. unabated (adjective) –
    non-stop, continuing, unstoppable, unceasing, unending.
  16. vigilant (adjective) – 
    observant, watchful, careful, alert.
  17. exceptionally (adverb) –
    to a greater degree; extraordinarily, remarkably, especially.
  18. gear (up) (phrasal verb) –
    prepare, equip.
  19. containment (noun) – 
    an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  20. lockdown (noun) –
    an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place.
  21. contact tracing (noun) –
    it is defined as the identification and followup of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  22. buck (verb) – 
    resist, oppose, contradict, defy, fight against.
  23. epicentre (noun) –
    the main point of unpleasant or problematic situation.
  24. enhanced (adjective) – 
    increased, raised, intensified.
  25. unmindful (adjective) –
    regardless of, taking no notice of.
  26. aggressive (adjective) –
    insistent, vigorous, assertive, forceful.
  27. remarkable (adjective) –
    phenomenal, exceptional, extraordinary.
  28. feat (noun) – 
    achievement, accomplishment, attainment.
  29. stark (adjective) –
    clear, distinct, evident, obvious, striking.
  30. in contrast (to) (phrase) –
    in opposition to, be very different from.
  31. textbook (noun) –
    rule book, guide book, manual, standard.
  32. suspicion (noun) – 
    misgiving, doubt/qualm, distrust, scepticism.
  33. inconceivable (adjective) –
    beyond belief, unthinkable, unimaginable.
  34. returnee (noun) – 
    a person who returns to his native country/state after being in another country/state for sometime.
  35. spike (noun) –
    a sharp increase.
  36. influenza (noun) –
    it is commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
  37. make up for (phrase) – 
    offset, balance, neutralize, even up; compensate for, make amends for.
  38. surveillance (noun) – 
    monitoring, observation, scrutiny, inspection.
  39. go by (phrasal verb) –
    follow, accept, observe, stick to.
  40. fortnight (noun) – 
    a period of two weeks/fourteen days continuously.
  41. incrementally (adverb) –
    in an incremental way; by small additions.

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